TOP 4 INEQUALITIES IN CONTRACEPTION

 
 

1. Socioeconomics

Poverty and high unemployment rates impact women’s decisions to purchase contraception.  Armenia is a low to middle income country.  Women with more money are more likely to utilize modern contraception. Conversely, women in rural areas, as well as those in the lower class of the population are more likely to have abortions than those who are more affluent as a means of contraception (NSS, et. Al., 2012).

2. Educational Shortfalls:

Women with a higher education are almost twice as likely to use modern contraception than those with basic or secondary education, who are often left misinformed about contraceptive methods (NSS, et. Al., 2012). For women who are aware of contraceptive methods, half of them believe that it is unreliable. They also believe that any method out there will cause some sort of health problem, therefore they are turned away from the use almost indefinitely.

3. Cost of Contraception:

Women will only spend 1-2% of their annual income on contraception (Prata, 2013). In 2008, contraception cost about $20 a month. For some Armenian families, that can account to almost 10% of their annual income ( USAID, 2008). And for those families in the village who are barely making $100, it is far out of reach. Women have turned to a cheaper alternative, Cytotec, a 5-cent ulcer medication that can induce abortions (Grigoryan, 2012).

4. Lack of Conversation:

More than 80% of women who reported having an abortion failed to discuss contraception with a health provider at follow-up appointments (NSS, et. Al., 2012).